Food Science and Technology
Food Science and Technology

Prospects of robotics in food industry

Jamshed IQBAL; Zeashan Hameed KHAN; Azfar KHALID

Downloads: 0
Views: 278


Abstract: Technological advancements in various domains have broadened the application horizon of robotics to an incredible extent. Highlighting a very recent application area, this paper presents a comprehensive review of robotics application in food industry. Robots essentially have the potential to transform the processes in food processing and handling, palletizing and packing and food serving. Therefore, recent years witnessed tremendously increased trend of robots deployment in food sector. Consequently, the aspects related with robot kinematics, dynamics, hygiene, economic efficiency, human-robot interaction, safety and protection and operation and maintenance are of critical importance and are discussed in the present review. A comparison of actual robots being used in the industry is also presented. The review reveals that the food serving sector is the new potential area in which ample research opportunities exist by integrating advancements from various technology domains. It is anticipated that wider dissemination of research developments in ‘robo-food’ will stimulate more collaborations among the research community and contribute to further developments.


robotics in food industry, cyber physical systems, mechatronics in food handling and processing, food serving robots


ABB. (2007). ABB Robotics launches simple programming tool. Assembly Automation, 27(1).

ABB. (2015). Power and productivity for a better world. São Paulo: ABB. Retrieved from

ABB. (2016a). News: picking. São Paulo: ABB. Retrieved from

ABB. (2016b). Power and productivity for a better world: Group profile. São Paulo: ABB. Retrieved from

Ajwad, S. A., Iqbal, J., Khan, A. A., & Mehmood, A. (2015a). Disturbance-observer-based robust control of a serial-link robotic manipulator using SMC and PBC techniques. Studies in Informatics and Control, 24(4), 401-408.

Ajwad, S. A., Iqbal, J., Ullah, M. I., & Mehmood, A. (2015b). A systematic review of current and emergent manipulator control approaches. Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, 10(2), 198-210.

Ajwad, S., Mehmood, A., Ullah, M., & Iqbal, J. (2016). Optimal v/s Robust control: a study and comparison for articulated manipulator. Journal of the Balkan Tribological Association, 22(3), 2637-2643.

Ajwad, S., Ullah, M., Khelifa, B., & Iqbal, J. (2014). A comprehensive state-of-the-art on control of industrial articulated robots. Journal of Balkan Tribological Association, 20(4), 499-521.

Asif, M., Jan, S., Ur Rahman, M., & Khan, Z. H. (2015). Waiter robot: solution to restaurant automation. In Proceedings of the 1st Student Multi Disciplinary Research Conference (MDSRC). Wah, Pakistan.

Baizid, K., Yousnadj, A., Meddahi, A., Chellali, R., & Iqbal, J. (2015). Time scheduling and optimization of industrial robotized tasks based on genetic algorithms. Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing, 34, 140-150.

Bonev, I. (2014). Delta parallel robot; the story of success, Newsletter. Retrieved from

Buckenhüskes, H. J., & Oppenhäuser, G. (2014). DLG-Trendmonitor: roboter in der Lebensmittel- und Getränkeindustrie, DLG trend report: ‘robots in the food and beverage industry’. DLG Lebensmittel, 9(6), 16-17.

Chaâri, R., Ellouze, F., Koubâa, A., Qureshi, B., Pereira, N., Youssef, H., & Tovar, E. (2016). Cyber-physical systems clouds: a survey. Computer Networks, 108, 260-278.

Chen, R.-Y. (2017). An intelligent value stream-based approach to collaboration of food traceability cyber physical system by fog computing. Food Control, 71, 124-136.

DigPlanet. (2013). Conveyer Belt Sushi. Retrieved from

Dong, Z., Li, F., Beheshti, B., Mickelson, A., Panero, M., & Anid, N. (2016). Autonomous real-time water quality sensing as an alternative to conventional monitoring to improve the detection of food, energy, and water indicators. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 6(1), 200-207.

Gebbers, R., & Adamchuk, V. I. (2010). Precision agriculture and food security. Science, 327(5967), 828-831. PMid:20150492.

Griffiths, S. (2014, August 15). Meals on wheels! Robots deliver food they've cooked to diners in a Chinese restaurant - and they even make small talk. Mail Online. Retrieved from

Hang, M. Y. L. P., Martinez-Hernandez, E., Leach, M., & Yang, A. (2016). Designing integrated local production systems: A study on the food-energy-water nexus. Journal of Cleaner Production, 135, 1065-1084.

Henshaw, M., & Barneveld, J. V. (2016). CPS for community security and safety. In L. Van Woensel, C. Kurrer & M. Kritkos (Eds.), Ethical aspects of cyber-physical systems. Brussels: European Parliamentary Research Services STOA: European Parliament.

Integrated Dispensing Systems – IDS. (2014). Robotic writing with cake icing onto cakes. Oxfordshire: IDS. Retrieved from

International Federation of Robotics – IFR. (2015). World robotics executive summary. Frankfurt am Main: IFR. Retrieved from

Iqbal, J., Ajwad, S. A., Abbas, S. Z., Khan, A. A., & Islam, R. U. (2016). Automating industrial tasks through mechatronic systems: a review of robotics in industrial perspective. Tehnički Vjesnik, 23(3), 917-924.

Iqbal, J., Ullah, M. I., Khan, A. A., & Irfan, M. (2015). Towards sophisticated control of robotic manipulators: An experimental study on a pseudo-industrial arm. Strojniški Vestnik-Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 61(7-8), 465-470.

Iqbal, U., Samad, A., Nissa, Z., & Iqbal, J. (2014). Embedded control system for AUTAREP: a novel autonomous articulated robotic educational platform. Tehnički Vjesnik, 21(6), 1255-1261.

Islam, R. U., Iqbal, J., & Khan, Q. (2014). Design and comparison of two control strategies for multi-DOF articulated robotic arm manipulator. Journal of Control Engineering and Applied Informatics, 16(2), 28-39.

Khan, S. G., Herrmann, G., Al Grafi, M., Pipe, T., & Melhuish, C. (2014a). Compliance control and human-robot interaction: Part 1. survey. International Journal of Humanoid Robotics, 11(3), 1430001.

Khan, Z. H., Ali, A. S., & Riaz, Z. (2014b). Computational intelligence for decision support in cyber-physical systems (Vol. 540). Springer.

Lee, E. A., & Seshia, S. A. (2011). Introduction to embedded systems: a cyber-physical systems approach. California:

Mahalik, N. P., & Nambiar, A. N. (2010). Trends in food packaging and manufacturing systems and technology. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 21(3), 117-128.

Mueller, M., Kuhlenkoetter, B., & Nassmacher, R. (2014). Robots in food industry: challenges and chances. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Robotics (ISR)/German Conference on Robotics (Robotik). Germany.

Piramuthu, S., & Zhou, W. (2016). RFID and sensor network automation in the food industry: ensuring quality and safety through supply chain visibility. John Wiley & Sons.

RobotWorx. (2012). Regulations give robots edge in food industry. Retrieved from

Saldaña, E., Siche, R., Luján, M., & Quevedo, R. (2013). Review: Computer vision applied to the inspection and quality control of fruits and vegetables. Brazilian Journal of Food Technology, 16(4), 254-272.

Saravacos, G., & Kostaropoulos, A. E.(2016). Equipment for novel food processes handbook of food processing equipment (pp. 605-643). Springer.

Sun, D.-W. (2016). Computer vision technology for food quality evaluation. Academic Press.

Ullah, M. I., Ajwad, S. A., Irfan, M., & Iqbal, J. (2016). Non-linear control law for articulated serial manipulators: Simulation augmented with hardware implementation. Elektronika ir Elektrotechnika, 22(1), 3-7.

Wolfe, M., Ting, K., Scott, N., Sharpley, A., Jones, J., & Verma, L. (2016). Engineering solutions for food-energy-water systems: it is more than engineering. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 6(1), 172-182.

Zohaib, M., Pasha, S. M., Javaid, N., Salaam, A., & Iqbal, J. (2014). An improved algorithm for collision avoidance in environments having U and H shaped obstacles. Studies in Informatics and Control, 23(1), 97-106.

593042910e8825700fe07153 fst Articles
Links & Downloads

Food Sci. Technol.

Share this page
Page Sections